Topic 1 Taking Measures to Resolve The Spanish-Catalonian Crisis
Catalonia is one of Spain's wealthiest and most productive regions and has a distinct history dating back almost 1,000 years. Before the Spanish Civil War, it enjoyed broad autonomy but that was suppressed under decades of Gen Francisco Franco's dictatorship from 1939-75. Angered by having their autonomy watered down as well as by years of recession and cuts in public spending, Catalans held an unofficial vote on independence in November 2014.
Topic 2 The Situation in Western Sahara
The Polisario is a native group from the Western Sahara, which is of Algerian origins. It was formed in 1973, with the original goal to expel the Spanish. In February 1976, the Polisario Front declared the establishment of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, which was not admitted into the United Nations, but won limited recognition by several other states. Following the annexation of Western Sahara by Morocco and Mauritania in 1976, and the Polisario Front's declaration of independence, the UNSC addressed the conflict via a resolution reaffirming the right to self-determination of the Sahrawi people.
Topic 3 Question of Israeli Settlements in Palestine
The holy land of Palestine – this region has been given this stature by all the three Abrahamic religions that co-exist in today’s world. Despite being sacred to three religions, each of which have ‘peaceful co-existence’ as one of their core principles, this region is a hotspot for struggle and dissatisfaction. Although there is a background of over 100 years to this territorial conflict, one of the core issues of this conflict is the problem of extensive Israeli settlements in the Occupied Territories of Palestine.